Simply put, geomatics is the result of a combination of two disciplines, geography and informatics. This synergy enables the development of queryable smart maps, in other words, dynamic mapping as opposed to a paper map, which is static.
Geomatics is the best tool to optimize the potential of management, planning, and economic development for a specific region.
In addition, when used as a support for decision-making, geomatics tools are now efficient means of achieving new standards of performance and productivity. With its ability to analyze and identify trends, geomatics provides better control of development and strongly supports strategic decision-making. “Science and technology that address the acquisition, analysis, distribution, and use of geospatial data” (GeoConnections, 2009).
When used as a support for decision-making, geomatics tools are now efficient means of achieving new standards of performance and productivity. Therefore, there are several fields of application in geomatics:
Transport is an area in which geomatics can bring many significant benefits through routing optimization, real-time fleet positioning and tracking, improved travel management and safety. In recent years, the CGQ has carried out extensive research on real-time monitoring methods and the knowledge acquired has been beneficial in obtaining contracts in the field. Today, demand is high and the CGQ’s expertise allows it to effectively support organizations in the transport sector.
Geomatics is widely used in the forestry sector, including mobile technologies and remote sensing, for forest inventories, integrated management, intervention planning, epidemiological monitoring (pests and diseases), and forest fire management.
Agriculture and agri-food
In agriculture, geomatics is better known as precision agriculture. Geomatics is applied more and more to agriculture. The main uses are yield control, variable rate applications and diagnostics. Among the subjects of interest were GPS guided slurry application with the production of a spreading plan and the degree of accuracy, identity preserved productions (IP) in order to be able to reach specific markets, food traceability, meaning the ability to produce a list of all the stages a crop goes through during production.
With more than ten years of experience in the municipal sector, the CGQ is a leader in the development of geomatization strategies for municipalities. During various assignments, the CGQ has developed partnerships with several municipal stakeholders, including the UMQ and the AGMQ.
Safety and risk management
Geomatics will become essential given the complexity of emergency plans and measures to be implemented. Over the next few years, managers of public territories, structures and infrastructures will have to exert more precise risk management given the significant events of recent years (ice storms, floods, sensitivity to the terrorist threat, forest fires, etc.). Considering ongoing climate change worldwide, the need for powerful risk prevention and management tools is set to grow.
Environment and sustainable development
When applied to the environment and sustainable development, geomatics becomes a powerful tool for preventing and controlling pollution, protecting and conserving natural environments and maintaining biodiversity.
In addition to providing integrated land management, geomatics can provide a considerable contribution to the analysis and monitoring of populations, addressing the concerns of the Québec government, which places health in its priorities for action.
The research team wanted to demonstrate the advantages of using multispectral aerial imagery combining visible and near infrared as a tool for analyzing and diagnosing soil productivity in precision agriculture.
It can be said that multispectral imaging is a very good tool for analyzing and diagnosing soil productivity because a high chlorophyll content implies a large amount of biomass and a significant amount of biomass is synonymous with high crop yield. Soil composition can also be considered, and this study shows that the presence or absence of certain chemical elements influences crop yield.
Advantages: The use of aerial imaging allowed farmers to get an overview of their fields and take the necessary actions.